Advanced Synchronization Techniques for Continuous Phase Modulation
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The objective of this research work is to develop reliable and power-efficient synchronization algorithms for continuous phase modulation (CPM). CPM is a bandwidth and power efficient signaling scheme suitable for wireless and mobile communications. Binary CPM schemes have been widely used in many commercial and military systems. CPM with multilevel symbol inputs, i.e., M-ary CPM, can achieve a higher data rate than binary CPM. However, the use of M-ary CPM has been limited due to receiver complexity and synchronization problems. In the last decade, serially concatenated CPM (SCCPM) has drawn more attention since this turbo-like coded scheme can achieve near Shannon-limit performance by performing iterative demodulation/decoding. Note that SCCPM typically operates at a low signal-to-noise ratio, which makes reliable and power-efficient synchronization more challenging. In this thesis, we propose a novel timing and phase recovery technique for CPM. Compared to existing maximum-likelihood estimators, the proposed data-aided synchronizer can achieve a better acquisition performance when a preamble is short or channel model errors are present. We also propose a novel adaptive soft-input soft-output (A-SISO) module for iterative detection with parameter uncertainty. In contrast to the existing A-SISO algorithms using linear prediction, the parameter estimation in the proposed structure is performed in a more general least-squares sense. Based on this scheme, a family of fixed-interval A-SISO algorithms are utilized to implement blind iterative phase synchronization for SCCPM. Moreover, the convergence characteristics of iterative phase synchronization and detection are analyzed by means of density evolution. Particularly, an oscillatory convergence behavior is observed when cycle slips occur during phase tracking. In order to reduce performance degradation due to this convergence fluctuation, design issues, including delay depth of the proposed algorithms, iteration-stopping criteria and interleaver size, are also discussed. Finally, for completeness of the study on phase synchronization, we investigate the error probability performance of noncoherently detected full-response CPM, which does not require channel (or phase) estimation.