Integrated multi-mode oscillators and filters for multi-band radios using liquid crystalline polymer based packaging technoloy
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The objective of the proposed research is to develop novel, fully-packaged voltage controlled oscillators (VCOs), concurrent oscillators, and multi-mode filters using Liquid Crystalline Polymer (LCP) dielectric material that are directly applicable to simultaneous multi-band radio communication. Integrated wireless devices of the near-future will serve more diverse range of applications (computing, voice/video/data communication) and hence, will require more functionality. This research is focused on providing cost-effective and area-efficient solutions for multi-band/multi-mode oscillators and filters using system-on-package (SOP) design methodology. Silicon-based integrated circuits (ICs) provide an economical method of miniaturizing modules and hence, are attractive for multi-band applications. However, fully monolithic solutions are limited, by its high substrate losses, and marginal quality factors (Qs) of the passives, to low profile applications. Furthermore, the VCOs made on conventional packaging technologies are not very cost-effective. This thesis is directed towards developing highly optimized VCOs and filters using LCP substrate for use in multi-mode radio systems. The thesis investigates and characterizes lumped passive components on new LCP based technology feasible for VCO and filter design. The dissertation then investigates design techniques for optimizing both power consumption and the phase noise of the VCOs to be employed in commercial wireless systems. This work then investigates the temperature performance of LCP-based VCOs satisfying military standards. Another aspect of the thesis is the development of dual-band (multi-mode) oscillators. The approach is to employ existing multi-band theories to demonstrate one of the first prototypes of the oscillator. Finally, the design of multi-mode, lumped-element type filters was investigated.