Oxidative Biocatalysis with Novel NADH Oxidases
MetadataShow full item record
Many oxidoreductases need nicotinamide cofactors for their reactions. The big obstacle of using these syntheses in industry is the high cost of these nicotinamide cofactors. The work here is about finding novel NADH oxidases from Lactococcus lactis and applying in a cofactor regeneration system with carbonyl reductase or alcohol dehydrogenase. NADH oxidases are useful biocatalysts for regenerating nicotinamide cofactors of biological redox reactions. The annotated alkyl hydroperoxide reductase (AhpR) and the H2O-forming enzyme (nox-2) genes from Lactococcus lactis (L. lactis, L.lac-Nox2) were cloned and proteins were expressed and characterized. They were compared with the H2O-former from Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis (L. sanfranciscensis, L.san-Nox2). AhpR is composed of H2O2-forming NADH oxidase (nox-1) and peroxidase and the net reaction of AhpR is the same as nox-2 when oxygen is the substrate. Both nox-1 and nox-2 are flavoproteins and turnover-limited. In the absence of exogenously added thiols, both nox-1 and nox-1/peroxidase are considerably more stable against overoxidation than nox-2. L.san-Nox2 was crystallized and was found to have ADP ligand, but according to the HPLC results, no ADP ligand was found in the L. lac-Nox-2. Enzyme membrane reactor was used for the application of oxidative reaction of cyclohexanol to cyclohexanone, with isolated enzymes horse liver alcohol dehydrogenase and L.lac-Nox2.