Microfabricated Multi-Analysis System for Electrophysiological Studies of Single Cells
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A micro-electrophysiological analysis system (-EPAS) using various microfabrication techniques for single cell study was developed. Conventional microfabrication techniques combined with plastic and polymer microfabrication techniques have been used to realize the system. The system is capable of performing patch clamp recording and whole cell electrical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) on a single cell. Methodologies for single cell manipulation were developed. The ion channel activities of primary cultured bovine chromaffin cells were measured in both the patch clamping mode and the whole cell EIS mode. Membrane capacitance of the chromaffin cell was calculated from these measurements. Increases in the capacitances were observed when certain ion channels were blocked using toxins. The dielectric properties of human breast cancer cell lines from different pathological stages were measured and compared to a normal human breast cell line in the whole cell EIS mode. The measured properties were correlated to the pathological stages of the breast cancer cell lines. Decreases in the membrane capacitances were observed for the more pathologically progressed cancer cell lines.