Iterative Channel Estimation for Wireless Communications
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The main objective of this dissertation is to present the structural design, performance evaluation, and complexity reduction of iterative joint channel estimation and data detection receivers. One of the main technical challenges in advanced wireless communications stems from the characteristics of a wireless channel, e.g., time selectivity of a channel, mobility of users, and multipath propagation. Channel estimation is essential for achieving reliable information transmission for practical wireless communication applications. Numerous channel estimation structures have been developed for different underlying channels using pilot-symbol assisted modulation (PSAM) approaches. However, since pilot symbols carry no data information, the time and the power spent on pilot symbols degrades the efficiency and the throughput of the system. Therefore, it is necessary to minimize the pilot insertion ratio without degrading the error performance. This motivates our research on iterative joint channel estimation and data detection receivers with full- and reduced- or low-complexity. In this thesis, we first propose an iterative channel estimator (ICE), based on a maximum a posteriori (MAP) algorithm, for single-carrier systems with PSAM structures. In contrast to existing MAP channel estimators, the proposed channel estimator has a lower computational complexity, which increases linearly with the modulation alphabet size. The computational complexity is reduced by exploiting a survivor in an efficient manner, while achieving comparable error performance to a full complexity receiver. For orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) systems, we also propose novel signal constellations to facilitate channel estimation without pilot symbol transmission, and analyze the bit error rate for the proposed constellations. We also develop a suitable joint channel estimation and data detector with full- and low-complexity for the proposed constellations. This low-complexity ICE achieves an error performance comparable to the ICE with full-complexity. Finally, for vertical Bell Laboratories layered space-time OFDM systems, we propose an ICE based on a PSAM structure for time-varying multipath fading channels. By exploiting the statistical properties of a wireless channel, we also develop a method to suppress intercarrier interference due to the channel time selectivity, and propose a low-complexity ICE that exploits a priori information in an efficient manner.