Organizational Commitment, Relationship Commitment and Their Association with Attachment Style and Locus of Control
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Organizational commitment (OC) is a psychological state that binds an employee to an organization, and the Three-Component Model of organizational commitment (Meyer and Allen, 1991) posits that employees bind with their organizations as a result of desire (affective commitment), need (continuance commitment) and obligation (normative commitment). Similarly, relationship commitment between two people also has been conceived as a psychological state (Rusbult and Buunk, 1993), and Arriaga and Agnew (2001) outlined affective, cognitive and conative components of the state. This exploratory study examined the similarities between these conceptually parallel commitment models by determining how the dimensions of the two types of commitment correlate with one another, attachment style (Bowlby 1969/1982) and locus of control (Rotter, 1966). Data collected from 171 working adults yield several noteworthy associations and suggest future directions of inquiry.