Dual Osteogenic and Angiogenic Growth Factor Delivery as a Treatment for Segmental Bone Defects
Oest, Megan Elizabeth
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A new model of a critically-sized segmental femoral bone defect in rats was developed to enable in vivo imaging and facilitate post-mortem mechanical testing of samples. The critically-sized nature of the model was assessed and confirmed. The efficacy of sustained co-delivery of osteogenic (BMP-2 and TGF- Ò3) and angiogenic (VEGF) growth factors in promoting functional bone repair was assessed. Effects of scaffold modification in terms of geometry and composition were evaluated. The results indicated that co-delivery of BMP-2 and TGF- Ò3 resulted in a dose-dependent improvement in functional bone repair. Modification of the polylactide scaffold to include an absorbable ceramic component and a cored out geometry enhanced rate of union. Addition of VEGF to the scaffold treatment did not significantly impact revascularization of the defect site or functional repair of the bone defect. These data demonstrate that the complex environment of an acute bone defect requires different treatment strategies than simple ectopic models would suggest. A positive predictive correlation between bone repair parameters measured in vivo and mechanical functionality was established. The novel defect model demonstrated robustness and reproducibility. Implications for further research are discussed.