Electronic Dispersion Compensation For Interleaved A/D Converters in a Standard Cell ASIC Process
Clark, Matthew David
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The IEEE 802.3aq standard recommends a multi-tap decision feedback equalizer be implemented to remove inter-symbol interference and additive system noise from data transmitted over a 10 Gigabit per Second (10 Gbps) multi-mode fiber-optic link (MMF). The recommended implementation produces a design in an analog process. This design process is difficult, time consuming, and is expensive to modify if first pass silicon success is not achieved. Performing the majority of the design in a well-characterized digital process with stable, evolutionary tools reduces the technical risk. ASIC design rule checking is more predictable than custom tools flows and produces regular, repeatable results. Register Transfer Language (RTL) changes can also be relatively quickly implemented when compared to the custom flow. However, standard cell methodologies are expected to achieve clock rates of roughly one-tenth of the corresponding analog process. The architecture and design for a parallel linear equalizer and decision feedback equalizer are presented. The presented design demonstrates an RTL implementation of 10 GHz filters operating in parallel at 625 MHz. The performance of the filters is characterized by testing the design against a set of 324 reference channels. The results are compared against the IEEE standard group s recommended implementation. The linear equalizer design of 20 taps equalizes 88 % of the reference channels. The decision feedback equalizer design of 20 forward and 1 reverse tap equalizes 93 % of the reference channels. Analysis of the unequalized channels in performed, and areas for continuing research are presented.