Thermal Performance of Helium-cooled Divertors for Magnetic Fusion Applications
Weathers, James Brandon
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The heat transfer performance of the Helium-cooled Multi-jet (HEMJ) divertor was investigated. The HEMJ design uses impinging jets to significantly enhance its heat transfer capability. The convective heat transfer coefficient predicted by computational fluid dynamics software packages is on the order of 50,000 W/(m2-K). The high predicted values of the convective heat transfer coefficient necessitated experimental validation, which was the focus of this investigation. A test section which simulates the thermal performance of the HEMJ divertor was designed, constructed, and instrumented for testing an in air flow loop. The operating conditions of the air flow loop were chosen to match the non-dimensional operating conditions expected for the HEMJ divertor in a post-ITER fusion power plant. The air flow loop experiments were performed for mass flow rates of 2.0 g/s to 8.0 g/s and with incident nominal heat fluxes of 0.8 MW/m2 and 1.0 MW/m2. The angular variation of the heat transfer coefficient was also investigated. Numerical simulations which matched the experimental operating conditions were performed using the computational fluid dynamics software package, FLUENT® 6.2. Comparisons of the experimental and numerical pressure drop, temperature, and heat transfer coefficient were made. The experimental results agreed with the numerical predictions for all operating conditions in this investigation. This provided a strong degree of confidence in using the FLUENT® software package to analyze the HEMJ divertor design.