Aerodynamic Modeling of Post-Stall and Spin Dynamics of Large Transport Airplanes
Murch, Austin Matthew
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This work addressed aerodynamic modeling methods for prediction of post-stall flight dynamics of large transport aircraft. This was accomplished by applying historically successful modeling methods used on high-performance military aircraft to a transport configuration. The overall research approach involved integrating forced oscillation and rotary balance wind tunnel data into an aerodynamic model using several methods of blending these data. The complete aerodynamic model was integrated into a six degree-of-freedom simulation. Experimental data from free-spin wind tunnel testing was used to validate the aerodynamic modeling methods by comparing aerodynamic force and moment coefficients and also to validate the simulation performance by comparing spin mode characteristics and time histories. The aerodynamic model prediction of spin dynamics was generally very good using all of the blending methods studied. In addition, key spin mode characteristics were predicted with a high degree of accuracy. Overall, using the Hybrid Kalviste method of blending forced oscillation and rotary balance data produced the closest match to the free-spin data when comparing aerodynamic coefficients and spin mode characteristics. Several issues were encountered with the blending methods that were exacerbated by nonlinearities and asymmetries in the dynamic aerodynamic data. A new method of looking up dynamic aerodynamic data was proposed to address shortcomings in the blending methods and recommendations were provided on addressing issues with the dynamic aerodynamic data.