Incipient Bearing Fault Detection for Electric Machines Using Stator Current Noise Cancellation
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The objective of this research is to develop a bearing fault detection scheme for electric machines via stator current. A new method, called the stator current noise cancellation method, is proposed to separate bearing fault-related components in the stator current. This method is based on the concept of viewing all bearing-unrelated components as noise and defining the bearing detection problem as a low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) problem. In this method, a noise cancellation algorithm based on Wiener filtering is employed to solve the problem. Furthermore, a statistical method is proposed to process the data of noise-cancelled stator current, which enables bearing conditions to be evaluated solely based on stator current measurements. A detailed theoretical analysis of the proposed methods is presented. Several online tests are also performed in this research to validate the proposed methods. It is shown in this work that a bearing fault can be detected by measuring the variation of the RMS of noise-cancelled stator current by using statistical methods such as the Statistical Process Control. In contrast to most existing current monitoring techniques, the detection methods proposed in this research are designed to detect generalized-roughness bearing faults. In addition, the information about machine parameters and bearing dimensions are not required in the implementation.