Linear 2D Localization and Mapping for Single and Multiple Robot Scenarios
Stroupe, Ashley W.
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We show how to recover 2D structure and motion linearly in order to initialize Simultaneous Mapping and Localization (SLAM) for bearings-only measurements and planar motion. The method supplies a good initial estimate of the geometry, even without odometry or in multiple robot scenarios. Hence, it substantially enlarges the scope in which non-linear batch-type SLAM algorithms can be applied. The method is applicable when at least seven landmarks are seen from three different vantage points, whether by one robot that moves over time or by multiple robots that observe a set of common landmarks.