Nonverbal Feedback Integration: A Controlled System
Rice, Nathaniel C.
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Conversations involve the exchanging of feedback, both verbal and nonverbal, and the importance of these cues is well understood. The cognitive processes used in integrating the feedback have yet to examined, especially concerning how automatic and controlled the integration of nonverbal feedback is. Participants viewed a series of pictures that made up children s stories and gave a summary of the events under various feedback conditions: positive, negative, and neutral. The speech samples were analyzed for fluency using measures of pause duration and syllable count, and there were no significant results due to the various feedback conditions. The self-report measures of fluency indicated that participants thought their fluency changed as a function of the feedback despite no observed change in fluency.