Now showing items 50-69 of 71

    • The R&D process in the US and Japan: Major findings from the RIETI-Georgia Tech Inventor Survey 

      Walsh, John P.; Nagaoka, Sadao (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2009-02)
      This paper analyzes and compares the objective, the nature and the performance of R&D projects in the US and Japan, based on the first large scale systematic survey of inventors, focusing on the R&D projects yielding triadic ...
    • Recurrence of the Same? Intelligent Design and the Biology Classroom 

      Borenstein, Jason (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2005)
      As the complex and heated debates between evolution's supporters and its critics continue, teachers and school boards are struggling to figure out how to handle the issue of the origin of human life within biology classrooms. ...
    • Reflective Argumentation 

      Hoffmann, Michael H. G. (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2008-12)
      Theories of argumentation usually focus on arguments as means of persuasion, finding consensus, or justifying knowledge claims. However, the construction and visualization of arguments can also be used to clarify one's own ...
    • Reinventing Industrial Energy Use in a Resource-Constrained World 

      Brown, Marilyn A.; Cortes, Rodrigo; Cox, Matthew (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2010-02)
      In an increasingly resource-constrained world, improving the energy efficiency of industry is essential. In addition to its environmental, security, and competitiveness benefits, energy efficiency delivers a return on ...
    • Renewable energy in the South: a policy brief 

      Brown, Marilyn A.; Gumerman, Etan; Baek, Youngsun; Morris, Cullen; Wang, Yu (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2010-07)
      This working paper assesses the economic potential of renewable electricity generation in the South under alternative policy scenarios. Using a customized version of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS), we examine ...
    • The Residential Energy and Carbon Footprints of the 100 Largest U.S. Metropolitan Areas 

      Brown, Marilyn A.; Logan, Elise (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2008-05)
      The nation’s carbon footprint has a distinct geography that is not well understood or recognized in the national climate debate, partly because data on GHG emissions are so inadequate. Metros and the built environment are ...
    • Reviving Manufacturing with a Federal Cogeneration Policy 

      Brown, Marilyn A.; Cox, Matthew; Baer, Paul (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2011-10)
      Improving the energy economics of manufacturing is essential to revitalizing the industrial base of advanced economies. This paper evaluates a federal policy option aimed at promoting industrial cogeneration – the production ...
    • Science and Innovation Policy Studies in the United States: Past and Present 

      Cozzens, Susan E. (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2010-03)
      Over the last four years, a new generation of research on science and innovation policy has begun in the United States. The development is very welcome after a hiatus in funding for the field of a decade or more. Although ...
    • A Science of Science and Innovation Policy Research Agenda 

      Feller, Irwin; Cozzens, Susan E. (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2007-12-10)
      Dr. John Marburger’s recent calls for a new science of science policy open up new opportunities to reconceptualize, retest, and revise as needed the theories, models, descriptions, and mainstream propositions underlying ...
    • Searching for Patterns of Competitive and Relational Contracting over Time: Do Prime and Subcontractor Networks Follow Similar Patterns? 

      Kingsley, Gordon; Ponomariov, Branco Leonidov (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2006-11)
      This paper explores and compares two sets of contractual relationships over a twelve-year period: the patterns of contracting between a state transportation agency and its prime contractors providing engineering design ...
    • Seeing problems, seeing solutions. Abduction and diagrammatic reasoning in a theory of scientific discovery 

      Hoffmann, Michael H. G. (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2006-08-28)
      This paper sketches a theory of scientific discoveries that is mainly based on two concepts that Charles Peirce developed: abduction and diagrammatic reasoning. Both are problematic. While abduction describes the process ...
    • Smart-Grid Policies: An International Review 

      Brown, Marilyn A.; Zhou, Shan (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2012-08)
      The electric power systems of many industrialized nations are challenged by the need to accommodate distributed renewable generation, increasing demands of a digital society, growing threats to infrastructure security, and ...
    • State-Level Variations in Open Source Policies 

      Baker, Paul M. A.; Noonan, Douglas S.; Seavey, Art; Moon, Nathan C. (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2009-03)
      The open source software (OSS) model represents an alternative to traditional proprietary software usage. Yet relatively little is known about the conditions impacting policy related to OSS development, diffusion, and ...
    • Superfund, Hedonics, and the Scales of Environmental Justice 

      Noonan, Douglas S. (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2006)
      The environmental justice (EJ) movement now occupies a prominent position in environmental policy. EJ is a core principle for thousands of grassroots environmental organizations, is the subject of a Presidential executive ...
    • Technological diversity, scientific excellence and the location of inventive activities abroad: the case of nanotechnology 

      Fernández-Ribas, Andrea; Shapira, Philip P. (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2008-05)
      Our contribution to the expanding literature on the globalization of research and innovation is to investigate the extent to which sector-specific developments in an emerging technology (such as increasing interdisciplinarity ...
    • Traditional versus decentralized innovation strategies of multinational enterprises 

      Fernández-Ribas, Andrea; Shapira, Philip P.; Youtie, Jan (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2007-01)
      In this paper we investigate innovation strategies of foreign multinational enterprises (MNEs) by distinguishing between traditional centralized and newer decentralized competence models. In centralized competence models, ...
    • The Transportation Energy and Carbon Footprints of the 100 Largest U.S. Metropolitan Areas 

      Southworth, Frank; Sonnenberg, Anthon; Brown, Marilyn A. (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2008-05-23)
      In this paper we present estimates of the automobile and truck travel based energy and carbon footprints of the largest 100 U.S. metropolitan areas. The footprints are based on the estimated vehicle miles traveled and the ...
    • Understanding Attitudes toward Energy Security: Results of a Cross-National Survey 

      Knox-Hayes, Janelle; Brown, Marilyn A.; Sovacool, Benjamin K.; Wang, Yu (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2013-01)
      Energy security is embedded in a complex system encompassing factors that constitute the social environment in which individuals are immersed. Everything from education, to access to resources to policy and cultural values ...
    • Urban Environments and Neighborhood Change: Exploring Urban Sorting Beyond the Featureless Plain 

      Noonan, Douglas S. (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2006)
      This paper introduces environmental features explicitly into the analysis of urban residential sorting where geographic barriers can mitigate neighbor externalities. Borders between groups in equilibrium will be more stable ...
    • Visualizing Ethical Controversies and Positions by Logical Argument Mapping (LAM) – A Manual 

      Hoffmann, Michael H. G. (Georgia Institute of Technology, 2009-05)
      Ethical decisions are often not clear-cut. Most of the time it is possible to argue for more than one "right thing to do," especially if there is a variety of ethical principles or conflicting arguments. In order both to ...