Seismic risk assessment of the transportation network of Charleston, SC
Nilsson, Emily Michelle
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The functionality of the transportation network following an earthquake event is critical for post-earthquake response and long-term recovery. The likely performance of a transportation network can be evaluated through a detailed seismic risk assessment. This paper presents an assessment of the seismic risk to the transportation network in the City of Charleston and the surrounding counties to support emergency response and the development of mitigation strategies and emergency planning efforts (such as lifeline selections). This study includes an inventory analysis of the 375 bridges in the Charleston area, and convolution of the seismic hazard with fragility curves analytically derived for classes of bridges common to this part of the country, damage-functionality relationships, and replacement cost estimates using relevant region-specific data. Using state-of-the-art tools, the distribution of potential bridge damage and functionality is evaluated for several scenario events, in order to aid in the identification of emergency routes and assess areas for investment in retrofit. Additionally, a sensitivity study is conducted to determine the criticality of a few of the different input models. Initial estimates of economic losses are assessed and preliminary recommendations for prioritizing retrofit are presented.