Light scattering of semitransparent media
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Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) is a highly scattering material and has been used as diffuse reflectors. In the present study, the ranges of the scattering coefficient, absorption coefficient, and the asymmetric parameter of the Henyey-Greenstein scattering phase function are assessed for semitransparent PTFE films whose thicknesses range from 0.11 mm to 10 mm. The bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) and bidirectional transmittance distribution function (BTDF) of these PTFE films were measured using a laser scatterometer at a wavelength of 635 nm, and the directional-hemispherical reflectance and transmittance were obtained by integrating BRDF and BTDF at normal incidence. The scattering coefficient of PTFE is estimated to exceed 1200 (1/cm). On the other hand, the absorption coefficient should be less than 0.01 (1/cm). A Monte Carlo simulation was employed to predict the BRDF and BTDF of PTFE films, and the calculations were compared with measurements at various incidence angles.