Electromagnetic Band Gap (EBG) synthesis and its application in analog-to-digital converter load boards
Kim, Tae Hong
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With increase in frequency and convergence toward mixed signal systems, supplying stable voltages to integrated circuits and blocking noise coupling in the systems are major problems. Electromagnetic band gap (EBG) structures have been in the limelight for power/ground noise isolation in mixed signal applications due to their capability to suppress unwanted electromagnetic mode transmission in certain frequency bands. The EBG structures have proven effective in isolating the power/ground noise in systems that use a common power supply. However, while the EBG structures have the potential to present many advantages in noise suppression applications, there is no method in the prior art that enables reliable and efficient synthesis of these EBG structures. Therefore, in this research, a novel EBG synthesis method for mixed signal applications is presented. For one-dimensional periodic structures, three new approaches such as current path approximation method, border to border radius, power loss method have been introduced and combined for synthesis. For two-dimensional EBG structures, a novel EBG synthesis method using genetic algorithm (GA) has been presented. In this method, genetic algorithm (GA) is utilized as a solution-searching technique. Synthesis procedure has been automated by combining GA with multilayer finite-difference method and dispersion diagram analysis method. As a real application for EBG structures, EBG structures have been applied to a GHz ADC load board design for power/ground noise suppression.