Haptic control and operator-guided gait coordination of a pneumatic hexapedal rescue robot
Guerriero, Brian A.
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The Compact Rescue Crawler is a pneumatic legged robot. Two legs of a hexapod were designed and built. The legs are controlled directly from operator inputs. The operator gives foot position inputs through two PHANToM haptic controllers. A PD controller with a supplementary force gain-scheduler control stroke lengths of each cylinder. The force-based position control technique allows the robot feet to track operator inputs to within 10% position error. A guided gait algorithm was developed to allow the operator to control all 6 legs simply by haptically guiding the front two. The operator records successful and collision-free trajectories and the gait coordinator plays the trajectories through the rear legs as they approach the detected obstacles. This hybrid gait algorithm allows the robot to proceed through a hazardous environment, guided by an operator, but without taxing the input capabilities of the human operator.