Characterization of defects in fiber composites using terahertz imaging
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Terahertz radiation or T-rays or THz radiation refers to the region of the electromagnetic spectrum between approximately 100 GHz and 30 THz. This spectral region is often referred to as the THz gap as these frequencies fall between electronic (measurement of field with antennas) and optical (measurement of power with optical detectors) means of generation. THz measurements may yield useful information about the structural and chemical nature of the material inspected. Examples include detection of voids in materials and protein binding in biomolecules. This report provides an overview of THz measurements of defects in fiber composites. We find that it efficiently detects defects such as voids and delamination in glass fiber composites better than ultrasound, which was widely used for defect characterization in glass fiber earlier. Comparison of the existing methods with THz is presented in the report for characterization of defects.