Acetone planar laser-induced fluorescence and phosphorescence for mixing studies of multiphase flows at high pressure and temperature
Tran, Thao T.
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An extension of the current acetone Planar Laser-Induced Fluorescence (PLIF) was formulated for mixing studies of fluids at subcritical and supercritical conditions. The new technique, called Planar Laser-Induced Fluorescence and Phosphorescence (PLIFP), employs the difference in the mass diffusivity of the denser (liquid) to the less dense (vapor/supercritical fluid) to delineate the interface where a phase change occurs. The vapor/supercritical acetone fluorescence signal is utilized to measure of the acetone vapor density, the mixture fractions and liquid acetone phosphorescence signal to determine the location of the phase interface. The application of the technique requires the photophysical properties of vapor and liquid acetone to be known. Therefore, a series of controlled experiments were done to determine their photophysics at elevated temperatures and pressures up to T/TC = 1.2 and p/pC =1.25. The demonstration of the techniques shows it was able to provide quantitative measurements of acetone number density and the overall mixture fraction within the test chamber. Also, the size and mass of droplets that have broken off from the main jet were determined as well, though the ability is limited to small droplets (d~100 μm). In addition, the technique was able to delineate the low diffusivity (subcritical)/high diffusivity (supercritical) interface very well.