High Efficiency Screen-Printed Planar Solar Cells on Single Crystalline Silicon Materials
Hilali, Mohamed M.
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In this paper we report on the fabrication, characterization and analysis of high efficiency planar screen-printed solar cells with high sheet resistance emitter ~ 100 Ω/square. Three single crystalline materials were used in this study including; boron doped magnetically stabilized Cz (MCz), gallium-doped Cz (GaCz) and float zone (FZ). For these three materials, a wide range of resistivities was investigated including Fz - 0.6-4.1 Ω-cm, MCz - 1.2-5.3 Ω-cm and Ga-Cz 2.6-33 Ω-cm. Energy conversion efficiencies of 17.7% were achieved on both Fz (0.6-Ω-cm) and MCz (1.2-Ω-cm) while 16.9% was obtained on GaCz silicon material. The 17.7% efficiency achieved on these two materials is the highest energy conversion efficiency reported on a planar screen-printed silicon solar cell. These results demonstrate the importance of high sheet resistance emitter in achieving high efficiency manufacturable solar cells.