Cellulose fiber dissolution in sodium hydroxide solution at low temperature: dissolution kinetics and solubility improvement
MetadataShow full item record
Sodium hydroxide can cause cellulose to swell and can even dissolve cellulose in a narrow range of the phase diagram. It was found that for cellulose with low to moderate degree of polymerization, the maximal solubility occurs with 8~10% soda solution. In recent years, researchers found that sodium hydroxide with urea at cold temperature can dissolve cellulose better than sodium hydroxide alone. However, the lack of sufficient understanding of the NaOH and NaOH/urea dissolution process significantly constrains its applications. In order to fully understand the cellulose dissolution in alkali system, there are several aspects of problems that need to be addressed. Our focus in this study is in the interaction of cellulose with alkali solution at low temperatures, the improvement of its solubility, and the effect of hemicellulose and lignin.