Surface modification of titanium substrates with polymer brushes to control cell adhesion for bioapplications
Raynor, Jenny E.
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Modification of the surface chemistry of materials used as implants in biomedical applications affords the ability to control cell adhesion, prevent inflammation and enhance integration with the host. Titanium and its alloys are strong and lightweight thereby making them desirable for applications such as hip and knee replacements, dental implants, and cardiac pacemaker implants. However, the lifetime of these implants is often limited by poor incorporation into the surrounding bone which results in loosening and wear. In order to overcome these limitations we have studied the modification of titanium substrates with a self-assembled monolayer that can be used to perform surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (SI-ATRP) of a monomer to afford polymer brushes that effectively prevent the adhesion of cells. In addition, the polymer brushes afford the ability to tether a peptide sequence. Specific peptides containing adhesion sequences have been tethered to the polymer brushes. The resulting surfaces promote cell adhesion and osteoblast differentiation, thereby increasing bone tissue formation around the implant resulting in better incorporation of the implant.