Design of a reusable distributed arithmetic filter and its application to the affine projection algorithm
MetadataShow full item record
Digital signal processing (DSP) is widely used in many applications spanning the spectrum from audio processing to image and video processing to radar and sonar processing. At the core of digital signal processing applications is the digital filter which are implemented in two ways, using either finite impulse response (FIR) filters or infinite impulse response (IIR) filters. The primary difference between FIR and IIR is that for FIR filters, the output is dependent only on the inputs, while for IIR filters the output is dependent on the inputs and the previous outputs. FIR filters also do not sur from stability issues stemming from the feedback of the output to the input that aect IIR filters. In this thesis, an architecture for FIR filtering based on distributed arithmetic is presented. The proposed architecture has the ability to implement large FIR filters using minimal hardware and at the same time is able to complete the FIR filtering operation in minimal amount of time and delay when compared to typical FIR filter implementations. The proposed architecture is then used to implement the fast affine projection adaptive algorithm, an algorithm that is typically used with large filter sizes. The fast affine projection algorithm has a high computational burden that limits the throughput, which in turn restricts the number of applications. However, using the proposed FIR filtering architecture, the limitations on throughput are removed. The implementation of the fast affine projection adaptive algorithm using distributed arithmetic is unique to this thesis. The constructed adaptive filter shares all the benefits of the proposed FIR filter: low hardware requirements, high speed, and minimal delay.