Simulation of three dimensional current spreading in photonic crystal VCSEL structures
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An efficient simulation technique for calculating the current distribution in a Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Laser (VCSEL) is proposed and implemented. The technique consists of a hybrid 1D/3D approach to the problem. The 3D aspect of simulation is essential for devices like a photonic crystal VCSEL where the existing 2D simulation techniques are inadequate. The modular approach of the technique is advantageous, as it provides exibility in dealing with device simulations of varying complexity. It also provides a relatively short simulation time, beneficial for exploring a large design parameter space. The box integration technique is used for discretizing the equations and sparse matrix methods are used in solving the matrices. Simulation results and comparisons are provided for various aspects and modules of the simulator. The results for a few sample simulations indicate that the analysis has reasonable agreement with experimental results. The simulation error can be reduced using more accurate models for the active region of the laser.