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dc.contributor.authorLarkins, Denise
dc.date.accessioned2009-06-25T19:07:09Z
dc.date.available2009-06-25T19:07:09Z
dc.date.issued2009-04-15
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1853/28684
dc.descriptionMSPO Research Presentation, April 15, 2009 at the Centennial Research Building (CRB) Room 119J on the Georgia Tech campus.en
dc.description.abstractAssessing body composition is important to provide information about nutritional status and health risks. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine if there is a significant difference in body composition depending on measurement method and if the discrepancy in measurement method is greater for amputees than for non-amputees. Methods: 23 subjects (12 lower limb amputees and 11 non-amputees) were matched based on sex, age, height, weight, ethnicity, and self-reported activity level. Subject’s body composition was assessed through Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) using a Lunar Prodigy whole body scanner (GE Medical Systems, Madison, WI), Bioelectrical Impedance (BIA) using an OMRON (Bannockburn, IL) hand-held body fat analyzer, and the Skinfold Technique with calipers from Cambridge Scientific Industries, Inc. (Cambridge, Maryland). Results: 2-way ANOVA for % body fat by measurement method and percent body fatness showed a main effect for measurement method (p=0.02). Post hoc showed significant difference between BIA & DEXA (p=0.01). There was no interaction effect for measurement method and body fatness (average vs. above average) p=0.77. 2 way ANOVA for % body fat by measurement method and type of individual (amputee vs. non-amputee) showed a main effect for measurement method (p=0.03). Post hoc showed significant difference between BIA & DEXA (p=0.04). There was no interaction effect for measurement method and type of individual (p=0.70). Conclusions: There is a significant difference in body composition depending on measurement method. There is a trend for body composition to differ more by method for subjects with above average % body fat than for subjects with average % body fat. Likewise, there is a trend for body composition to differ more by method for amputees than for non-amputees.en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherGeorgia Institute of Technologyen
dc.subjectBody compositionen
dc.subjectAmputeesen
dc.subjectBioelectrical impedanceen
dc.subjectDual Energy X-ray Absorptiometryen
dc.subjectDEXAen
dc.subjectSkinfolden
dc.titleComparison of Body Composition Measurements in Amputees vs. Non-Amputeesen
dc.typeMasters Projecten
dc.typeVideoen
dc.contributor.corporatenameGeorgia Institute of Technology. School of Applied Physiology


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