Tracking Deformable Objects with Unscented Kalman Filtering and Geometric Active Contours
Tannenbaum, Allen R.
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Geometric active contours represented as the zero level sets of the graph of a surface have been used very successfully to segment static images. However, tracking involves estimating the global motion of the object and its local deformations as functions of time. Some attempts have been made to use geometric active contours for tracking, but most of these minimize the energy at each frame and do not utilize the temporal coherency of the motion or the deformation. Recently, particle filters for geometric active contours were used for tracking deforming objects. However, the method is computationally very expensive since it requires a large number of particles to approximate the state density. In the present work, we propose to use the unscented Kalman filter together with geometric active contours to track deformable objects in a computationally efficient manner.