Persistence of Invariant Tori on Submanifolds in Hamiltonian Systems
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Generalizing the degenerate KAM theorem under the Rüssmann non-degeneracy and the isoenergetic KAM theorem, we employ a quasi-linear iterative scheme to study the persistence and frequency preservation of invariant tori on a smooth sub-manifold for a real analytic, nearly integrable Hamiltonian system. Under a nondegenerate condition of Rüssmann type on the sub-manifold, we shall show the following: a) the majority of the unperturbed tori on the sub-manifold will persist; b) the perturbed toral frequencies can be partially preserved according to the maximal degeneracy of the Hessian of the unperturbed system and be fully preserved if the Hessian is nondegenerate; c) the Hamiltonian admits normal forms near the perturbed tori of arbitrarily prescribed high order. Under a sub-isoenergetic nondegenerate condition on an energy surface, we shall show that the majority of unperturbed tori give rise to invariant tori of the perturbed system of the same energy which preserve the ratio of certain components of the respective frequencies.