An exploration of biochemistry including biotechnology, structural characterization, drug design, and chromatographic analyses
Burns, Kristi Lee
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We now report an in depth analysis of the successful in vitro enzymatic synthesis of PHB utilizing the three-enzyme system from the bacteria Cupriavidus necator. Using HPLC methodology developed in this laboratory, and by adding each enzyme in a step-wise manner, we follow each individual stage in the three-enzyme route for PHB synthesis and delineate all stoichiometric relationships. We report the construction of the first metabolic model developed specifically for analyzing in vitro enzymatic PHB synthesis. We developed a hands-on student laboratory for culturing, producing, isolating, and purifying the bacterial biopolyesters PHB. We now report the first structural characterizations of iso-CoA, acetyl-iso-CoA, acetoacetyl-iso-CoA, and beta-hydroxybutyryl-iso-CoA using MS, MS/MS, and homo- and hetero-nuclear NMR analyses.We describe HPLC methodology to separate the isomers of several iso-CoA-containing compounds and report the first examples of iso-CoA-containing compounds acting as substrates in enzymatic acyl-transfer reactions. We describe a simple regioselective synthesis of iso-CoA from CoA. We also demonstrate a plausible mechanism, which accounts for the existence of iso-CoA isomers in commercial preparations of CoA-containing compounds. Herein we report that phenylaminoethyl selenide compounds protect DNA from peroxynitrite-mediated single-strand breaks. The mechanism of protection against peroxynitrite mediated DNA damage was investigated by HPLC. The chemistry of the reaction between peroxynitrite and HOMePAES was investigated using HPLC and HPLC/MS. The unique chemistry of the reaction between peroxynitrite and HOMePAES was investigated using HPLC and HPLC/MS. We report the development of novel CDB derivatives, which are selective COX-II inhibitors. A series of compounds were assayed with an in vitro colorimetric inhibitor screening and with a whole blood ELISA screening and the results indicate that MST is a selective inhibitor of COX-II.