Radiographic determination of the lay-up influence on fatigue damage development under bearing/bypass conditions
Tompson, Carl G.
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The goal of this academic project was to study the effects of different variables on the damage initiation and progression around four bolt holes of a joint in carbon fiber/graphite epoxy composite coupons. The tracked variables included the type of layup, R values, stress levels, and damage mechanisms observed in each specimen. In-situ x-ray of the individual coupons recorded the extent of damage, mostly longitudinal splitting and bearing failure, as a function of the cycle count. The following lay-ups were included: [45/90/-45/02/45/02/-45/0]s, [04/45/03/90/0]s, [±5/65/(±5)2/-65/±5]s, and [±5/65/(±5)2/-65/5/65]s, In particular, the objective was to determine the stress levels at which detectable damage starts developing by applying 50,000 cycles at incremental stress levels. Once damage was initially detected, we typically raised the stress level 2.5 ksi and cycled another 50,000 cycles until damage reached a point where the bolt holes had elongated 10% of the original diameter of 0.25 inches. This type of testing was be continued for several different R ratios and comparisons were be made between the performances of different lay-ups at varying load levels. A finite element model was created in ABAQUS to help understand the stress fields within the laminates.