Water Conservation Measures for Short and Long-term Water Demand Reduction
Ashmore, Laurie E.
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Consistently meeting demands can prove to be a difficult task when dealing with a finite resource like water. There are incidences when water demand reduction is a viable alternative to increasing water supplies. This demand reduction can be accomplished by various water conservation measures. The implementation of water conservation measures can be for short-term or long-term demand reduction. Short-term demand reduction is applicable in response to specific water supply deficits such as the summer droughts experienced in recent years. Long-term demand reduction has the potential to reduce water demands into the future. When planning for future water needs, long-term conservation can significantly reduce capital expenditures for new facilities. This paper presents both short-term and long-term water conservation measures. In addition, the integration of these measures in drought management and long-range water supply planning is discussed.