State Implementation of Section 319 Nonpoint Source Pollution Controls for Forestry in the Southeast
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The 1972 Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments mandated control of point source and nonpoint source pollution of the nation's waters. Section 208 of the amendments authorized planning for nonpoint source pollution control. The Water Quality Act of 1987 (P.L. 100-4) authorized significant new programs for control of water pollution. Section 319 of this act mandates that each state prepare new plans for controlling nonpoint source pollution. The state plans must identify the principal nonpoint problem areas and causes, and also specify the control mechanisms which will be used to control the pollution (Hohenstein, 1987). These mechanisms can be voluntary or regulatory. This article summarizes a survey performed· to determine what methods 13 southern states were using or developing to control nonpoint source pollution from forestry activities. These states were Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Texas, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Louisiana, Mississippi, North and South Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, and Virginia. In 1987, a questionnaire was developed to obtain information on several aspects of state water quality control programs. It was sent to officials in two divisions of state government-lead environmental agencies and forestry agencies. After the questionnaires were mailed, we contacted each recipient. Several state forestry agencies declined to complete the questionnaire, and forwarded it to their state lead environmental agency. Thus there is no data on these state's forestry agency. To approximate each state's total expenditure for forestry-related nonpoint source programs, the nonpoint source budgets and personnel of the forestry agency were added to the forestry-related expenditures of the lead environmental agency.