A Control Model for the Savannah River System
Georgakakos, Aristidis Peter
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Reservoir operation certainly provides ample opportunity to use computer-aided management tools. Except for simple systems, namely, small, single objective reservoirs, where optimal decisions are obvious, the decision making process must take into account a plethora of complicating factors. Uncertain inflows, reservoir and river dynamics, hydroelectric plant characteristics, flood and drought concerns, water supply, energy generation commitments and economics, water quality standards, recreational activities, local and regional water use conflicts and legislation, and public opinion are but a few of the parameters influencing reservoir management decisions. Recent reservoir control research advances combined with fascinating developments in the computer industry provide new opportunities for model use in real time reservoir management. Modern reservoir control methods can now handle dimensionally large systems with both multiple objectives and operational constraints. And, of equal importance, control models can now be implemented on readily accessible microcomputers which encourages potential widespread use and numerous practical applications. Combined with interactive input-output graphics interfaces, management models can be designed to maximize user involvement and provide intuitive understanding of the computations in progress. This paper reports on a state-of-the-art reservoir control model for the regulation of the Savannah River System. Except for model features, emphasis is also placed on how model usage can be maximized within the current organizational decision framework.