Dynamics of longitudinally forced bluff body flames with varying dilatation ratios
Plaks, Dmitriy Vital
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This thesis focuses on experimentally measuring the response of varying dilatation ratio bluff body flames under harmonic excitation. Such flames are often encountered in jet engine afterburners and are susceptible to combustion instabilities. Previous work has been done modeling such flames, however, only limited experimental data has been obtained at these conditions and is the motivation for this thesis. The focus of this work is to measure the transfer function of longitudinally forced, varying dilatation ratio bluff body flames. The transfer function is obtained by measuring flame position and flame luminosity fluctuations at the forcing frequency. Specifically, the amplitude and phase of the fluctuations are characterized as a function of flow velocity, axial location, and perturbation amplitude. These measurements are also compared to available theoretical predictions, showing that qualitative measured trends are consistent with theory. In addition, a detailed quantitative comparison is performed at one condition, showing good agreement between predictions and measurements in the near and mid-field of the flame response. However, agreement is not obtained in the far-field, indicating that continued theoretical work is needed to understand the flame response characteristics in this region.