The Strategic Level of Innovation Policy: A Systems Evolutionary Perspective
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The paper argues that existing turbulent environments and Radical Uncertainty compell policy makers to be adaptive (Metcalfe 1995; Metcalfe and Gherghiou 1998); and that this implies the need of having a Strategic Level of Innovation Policy (broadly defined) which operates side by side with independence of the 'operational level of policy'. One of the objectives is to present a thorough justification of the strategic level of Innovation Policy in terms of a Systems Evolutionary Perspective. A second objective is to describe and analyze the nature and functions of the strategic level (the principle function being to identify and specify strategic priorities for Science, Technology, Higher Education and Commercial Innovation) and present alternative Strategicon Innovation Policy Profiles. A final objective is to illustrate various models of strategic Innovation policy and to illustrate alternative mechanisms and tools for setting national strategic priorities in the above areas.