Site specific thermodynamic study of OH radical addition to DNA bases
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In medical and health physics, we are interested in the effects of ionizing radiation on biological systems, in particular, human biology. The main process by which ionizing radiations causes damage to biological systems, is through the creation of radicals close to DNA strands. The radicals are very reactive and those created within close proximity to DNA will react with the DNA causing damage, in particular single strand or double strand breaks. This damage to the DNA can cause mutations that can kill the cell, either mitotically or apoptotically, or possibly lead to a cancerous formation. Therefore it is important to study how these radicals interact with DNA strands for a correlation between the resultant products of radical reactions and DNA strand breaks. For this study, we look at the most important radical, the OH radical and it's addition to DNA bases. We will study, through quantum chemistry, the thermodynamics of OH radical addition to the four bases, Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine and Thymine. The Jaguar program developed by Schrodinger was used for DFT calculations of the Gibbs free energy of the addition. In addition, calculations for the partial charge, HOMO's and Fukui indices were calculated and compared to experiment.