Novel liquid and broadband circularly-polarized antennas for wearable biomonitoring applications
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The explosive growth of the biosensors and health-related wearable monitoring devices has accentuated the need for miniaturized, high-efficiency conformal bio-modules that can operate over a wide range of frequencies, while they can be integrated in wearable and lightweight configurations. One of the major issue for the implementation of Wireless Body Area Networks (WBAN) is the very limited range of commonly used metal antennas. Due to the high dielectric constant between the metal antenna material (as well as the metal-based circuitry) and the mostly "ionized-water" human body parts, the near-field gets significantly disturbed, while local reflections due to the dielectric mismatch further shorten the operation range. Even wearable bracelet-like sensing devices have a very low range due to this reason. Thus, there are two major aspects that are going to be addressed in this Thesis: enhanced-range wearable antennas for wireless biosensors and compact "rugged-polarization" wireless sensor readers.