The effect of age and sex on the number and osteogenic differentiation potential of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells
Lazin, Jamie Jonas
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It has been shown that stem cells exist within adult adipose tissue. These stem cells are named adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs), are derived from the mesoderm, and can differentiate into a number of cells including osteoblasts, chondrocytes, and adipocytes. However, before these cells can be used clinically it is important that we understand how factors like age, sex, and ethnicity affect ASC number and potential. Additionally, since men and women vary in their distribution of adipose tissue, it will be important to see if the ideal source of ASCs is different for each sex. The goal of this study was to assess how age and sex affects ASCs. We used flow cytometry to investigate how age and sex affected the number of ASCs in adipose tissue. Additionally, we plated these cells in culture and treated them with an osteogenic media (OM) with the intention of pushing them towards osteoblast differentiation. The purpose of this was to see if age or sex affected the potential of the ASCs to undergo osteogenesis in culture. For this study we used real-time PCR and biochemical assays to look at markers of early and late osteogenic differentiation. Finally, we used immunohistochemistry to demonstrate where in adipose tissue the CD73 and CD271 positive cell population exists. It is our hope that this work will shed light on how age and sex affect ASCs so that clinicians can optimize their ASC harvest depending on the patient's physiology.