Functional data mining with multiscale statistical procedures
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Hurst exponent and variance are two quantities that often characterize real-life, highfrequency observations. We develop the method for simultaneous estimation of a timechanging Hurst exponent H(t) and constant scale (variance) parameter C in a multifractional Brownian motion model in the presence of white noise based on the asymptotic behavior of the local variation of its sample paths. We also discuss the accuracy of the stable and simultaneous estimator compared with a few selected methods and the stability of computations that use adapted wavelet filters. Multifractals have become popular as flexible models in modeling real-life data of high frequency. We developed a method of testing whether the data of high frequency is consistent with monofractality using meaningful descriptors coming from a wavelet-generated multifractal spectrum. We discuss theoretical properties of the descriptors, their computational implementation, the use in data mining, and the effectiveness in the context of simulations, an application in turbulence, and analysis of coding/noncoding regions in DNA sequences. The wavelet thresholding is a simple and effective operation in wavelet domains that selects the subset of wavelet coefficients from a noised signal. We propose the selection of this subset in a semi-supervised fashion, in which a neighbor structure and classification function appropriate for wavelet domains are utilized. The decision to include an unlabeled coefficient in the model depends not only on its magnitude but also on the labeled and unlabeled coefficients from its neighborhood. The theoretical properties of the method are discussed and its performance is demonstrated on simulated examples.