Richtmyer-Meshkov instability with reshock and particle interactions
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Richtmyer-Meshkov instability (RMI) occurs when an interface of two fluids with different densities is impulsively accelerated. The main interest in RMI is to understand the growth of perturbations, and numerous theoretical models have been developed and validated against experimental/numerical studies. However, most of the studies assume very simple initial conditions. Recently, more complex RMI has been studied, and this study focuses on two cases: reshocked RMI and multiphase RMI. It is well known that reshock to the species interface causes rapid growth of interface perturbation amplitude. However, the growth rates after reshock are not well understood, and there are no practical theoretical models yet due to its complex interface conditions at reshock. A couple of empirical expressions have been derived from experimental and numerical studies, but these models are limited to certain interface conditions. This study performs parametric numerical studies on various interface conditions, and the empirical models on the reshocked RMI are derived for each case. It is shown that the empirical models can be applied to a wide range of initial conditions by choosing appropriate values of the coefficient. The second part of the study analyzes the flow physics of multiphase RMI. The linear growth model for multiphase RMI is derived, and it is shown that the growth rates depend on two nondimensional parameters: the mass loading of the particles and the Stokes number. The model is compared to the numerical predictions under two types of conditions: a shock wave hitting (1) a perturbed species interface surrounded by particles, and (2) a perturbed particle cloud. In the first type of the problem, the growth rates obtained by the numerical simulations are in agreement with the multiphase RMI growth model when Stokes number is small. However, when the Stokes number is very large, the RMI motion follows the single-phase RMI growth model since the particle do not rapidly respond while the RMI instability grows. The second type of study also shows that the multiphase RMI model is applicable if Stokes number is small. Since the particles themselves characterize the interface, the range of applicable Stokes number is smaller than the first study. If the Stokes number is in the order of one or larger, the interface experiences continuous acceleration and shows the growth profile similar to a Rayleigh-Taylor instability.