Feasibility study of III-nitride-based transistors grown by ammonia-based metal-organic molecular beam epitaxy
Billingsley, Daniel D.
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III-nitrides are a promising material system with unique material properties, which allows them to be utilized in a variety of semiconductor devices. III-nitrides grown by NH3-MOMBE are typically grown with high carbon levels (> 1021 cm-3) as a result of the incomplete surface pyrolysis of the metal-organic sources. Recent research has involved the compensating nature of carbon in III-nitrides to produce semi-insulating films, which can provide low-leakage buffer layers in transistor devices. The aim of this work is to investigate the possibility of forming a 2DEG, which utilizes the highly carbon-doped GaN layers grown by NH3-MOMBE to produce low-leakage buffer layers in the fabrication of HEMTs. These low leakage GaN buffers would provide increased HEMT performance, with better pinch-off, higher breakdown voltages and increased power densities. Additionally, methods of controlling and/or reducing the incorporation of carbon will be undertaken in an attempt to broaden the range of possible device applications for NH3-MOMBE. To realize these transistor devices, optimization and improved understanding of the growth conditions for both GaN and AlGaN will be explored with the ultimate goal of determining the feasibility of III-nitride transistors grown by NH3-MOMBE.