La pauvreté numérique en Afrique Subsaharienne : Analyse a partir de données micro
Mohamed, Omar Abdoulkader
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Digital poverty, poverty relating to the level of access of the households to Information and Communication Technologies, comes to enrich the literature developed around the multidimensional poverty. The digital poverty of the households is seen as the lack of access to information and the communication. This work draws up a profile of multidimensional poverty of the access to the ICT from data collected in 17 countries African countries. The results show that the access to the traditional ICT is relatively high (75% of the households have access to the radio and 51% have a television set) while new technologies are less accessible for the great majority from the surveyed households (6% of the households have a computer and less than 2% have connection Internet to residence). The analysis of the determinants of digital poverty, reveals that the fact of lying in an urban area, a high level of the monthly expenditure, the access to electricity and a reduced number of the members of the household decrease the probability of being poor numerically. The university level and the statute of employee of the person of reference reduce the chances of the households to be poor numerically. Lastly, a multilevel modeling shows that the poorest households numerically result from the countries whose rates of elimination of illiteracy, Gross domestic product and Indicator of Development of Information and Communication Technologies (IDI) are weak.