Technological gaps and converging process between emerging and industrialized countries in pharmaceutical industry
Guzmán, Georgina Alenka
Viquez, Hortensia Gómez
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This paper contains a discussion and test of the technology gap approach to the innovation and growth in the bio-pharmaceutical industry between industrialized and developing countries (Mexico, Korea, India, China, Brazil, Argentina, Ireland) for the period 1980-2005. We find among the industrialized countries convergence path with respect to the leader, the United States. But from the developing countries, South Korea and Ireland the innovation tends to be systematic and increasing. The technological backwardness is more obvious in Mexico and Argentina than in India and Brazil. In both block of countries the dynamics in the processes of innovation is explained by the advances in knowledge and the efforts to innovate.