Linkages between level of educational attainment and technology diffusion in developing countries
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Fast growth of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has facilitated access to information as well as communication across the world. Although, penetration of ICT is not homogeneous in the developed and developing countries, resulted an increase in the information gap between these regions. There may be several reasons for asymmetrical diffusion but education plays an important role in the diffusion of a new product or technology. Therefore, our objective is to analyse growth of enrollment at different educational levels and linkages between levels of educational attainment and diffusion of ICT indicators. The paper is divided into two sections (i) to analyse enrollment trends at primary, secondary and tertiary level and (ii) to investigate relationship between levels of educational attainment and diffusion of ICT indicators; Internet user, Internet user and personal computers per 100 populations in Brazil, China, India and USA. Results show that enrollment at primary level in Brazil, China and USA is expected to decline whereas in the case of India it may increase. Likewise enrollment at secondary and tertiary level in China, India and USA may increase in future. Analysis also indicates positive correlation between enrollment at primary level and penetration of Internet users personal computers in India whereas in the case of tertiary level it shows weak correlation. In the case of tertiary level except India there is a strong correlation between penetration of Internet and personal computers. Further, it may be noticed that in the case of Brazil secondary education shows negative correlation in all cases.