Perspectives for the biodiesel production and the Brazilian family farmers in the semi-arid region
Garcia, Junior Ruiz
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The demand expansion for biofuels from oleaginous plants (biodiesel) can effectively represent an opportunity of employment and income generation for the small family farms in the Northeastern semi-arid region as intended by the current government. This is due to some arboreal and shrubby plants whose characteristics are favorable to oil production that may foster family farms in terms of hand labor availability. There are, however, two main obstacles which are not appropriately addressed by the current official incentive policies: the first one concerns the fragility of productive structure of the family farms in the region, specially the lack of the producers’ self organization capacity; the second one is related to agronomic problems of the main crops still to be properly addressed by additional research investment. The solution for both limitations demands a great effort of rural extension and agronomic research.