Methods for Localization and Mapping Using Vision and Inertial Sensors
Wu, Allen D.
Johnson, Eric N.
MetadataShow full item record
The problems of vision-based localization and mapping are currently highly active areas of research for aerial systems. With a wealth of information available in each image, vision sensors allow vehicles to gather data about their surrounding environment in addition to inferring own-ship information. However, algorithms for processing camera images are often cumbersome for the limited computational power available onboard many unmanned aerial systems. This paper therefore investigates a method for incorporating an inertial measurement unit together with a monocular vision sensor to aid in the extraction of information from camera images, and hence reduce the computational burden for this class of platforms. Feature points are detected in each image using a Harris corner detector, and these feature measurements are statistically corresponded across each captured image using knowledge of the vehicle's pose. The investigated methods employ an Extended Kalman Filter framework for estimation. Real-time hardware results are presented using a baseline configuration in which a manufactured target is used for generating salient feature points, and vehicle pose information is provided by a high precision motion capture system for comparison purposes.