Adaptive Trajectory Control for Autonomous Helicopters
Johnson, Eric N.
Kannan, Suresh K.
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For autonomous helicopter flight, it is common to separate the flight control problem into an inner loop that controls attitude and an outer loop that controls the translational trajectory of the helicopter. In previous work, dynamic inversion and neural-network-based adaptation was used to increase performance of the attitude control system and the method of pseudocontrol hedging (PCH) was used to protect the adaptation process from actuator limits and dynamics. Adaptation to uncertainty in the attitude, as well as the translational dynamics, is introduced, thus, minimizing the effects of model error in all six degrees of freedom and leading to more accurate position tracking. The PCH method is used in a novel way that enables adaptation to occur in the outer loop without interacting with the attitude dynamics. A pole-placement approach is used that alleviates timescale separation requirements, allowing the outer-loop bandwidth to be closer to that of the inner loop, thus, increasing position tracking performance. A poor model of the attitude dynamics and a basic kinematics model is shown to be sufficient for accurate position tracking. The theory and implementation of such an approach, with a summary of flight-test results, are described.