Georgia Tech Aerial Robotics Team: 2009 International Aerial Robotics Competition Entry
Christmann, Hans Claus
Johnson, Eric N.
Sobers, D. Michael Jr.
MetadataShow full item record
This paper examines the use of low-cost range and target identification sensors on a stable flying vehicle for suitability in solving the 5th Mission proposed for the 2009 International Aerial Robotics Competition. The ability for vehicles to navigate unknown environments is critical for autonomous operation. Mapping of a vehicle's environment and self-localization within that environment are especially difficult for an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) due to the complexity of UAV attitude and motion dynamics. Using a stable vehicle platform and taking advantage of the geometric structure typical of most indoor environments reduces the complexity of the localization and mapping problem to the point that wall and obstacle location can be determined using low-cost range sensors. Target identification is accomplished remotely using an onboard video camera with a radio transmitter. Thus complex and time-consuming image processing routines are run on a more powerful computer, enabling further miniaturization of the flight vehicle.