Visual Marker Detection In The Presence Of Colored Noise for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
Shah, Syed Irtiza Ali
Wu, Allen D.
Johnson, Eric N.
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This paper develops a vision-based algorithm to detect a visual marker in real time and in the presence of excessive colored noise for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. After using various image analysis techniques, including color histograms, filtering techniques and color space analyses, typical pixel-based characteristics of the visual marker were established. It was found that not only various color space based characteristics were significant, but also relationships between various channels across different color spaces were of great consequence. A block based search algorithm was then used to search for those established characteristics in real-time image data stream from a colored camera. A low cost noise and interference filter was also devised to handle excessive noise that was encountered during flight tests. The specific implementation scenario is that of detection of a Blue LED for GeorgiaTech's participating aircraft into the International Aerial Robotics competition. The final algorithm that was implemented on GTAR lama aircraft, used both multiple thresholding and linear confidence level calculations and was successfully used in the competition in 2009.