Fundamental locomotive activity time efficiency with differently positioning drive-axis wheelchairs among elders.
Wang, Yong 'Tai'
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Safe, efficient and effective wheelchair locomotive activities of daily living for the elders are important due to their ages and physical conditions. Although wheelchair propulsion in young populations and/or athletes has been extensively investigated, researches of wheelchair propulsion in the elderly population are limited. Moreover, wheelchair locomotive activities of daily living, such as moving turn, door negotiation and parallel parking including the time efficiency of propelling performed by the older adults have not been studied. Based on the feedback from focus groups and surveys on wheelchair users, caregivers, nurses and physical therapists from the larger study, the issues of propulsion and maneuverability were identified as the barriers to independent mobility for the elders. As a result, the front, mid and rear positioning drive‐axis wheelchairs were designed and tested in order to determine if propulsion and maneuverability were facilitated or hindered by any of these wheelchair designs.
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